Timeline of Maya History
La Huida de las Vírgenes / The Flight of the Virgins
|11000||First settlers in Maya highlands and lowlands|
|3114-3113||Creation of the world, by Maya Long Count calendar|
|2000||Rise of Olmec civilization, a source of Maya culture|
|1800 BCE to 250 CE||Preclassic Maya
|700||Development of writing|
|400||Use of carved stone solar calendars|
|250-600||Early Classic Maya|
|600-900||Late Classic Maya|
|900-1500||Post Classic Maya|
||Arrival of Spanish in Yucatan
Introduction of Old World diseases, which kill off 90% of the indigenous population within 100 years.
||Maya defeated by Pedro de Alvarado
Guatemala becomes Spanish colony
|1724||Abolition of encomienda system of forced Maya labor by Spanish|
||Guatemalan independence from Spain
United Fruit Company, a U.S. corporation, becomes the most important landowner and employer in Guatemala
|1944-1953||Democratic reforms begin|
||Guatemalan government expropriates 40% of the land of the United Fruit Company.|
||U.S.-backed coup puts an end to land reform, ending nationalization of plantations of United Fruit Company.|
||Genocidal civil war by Guatemalan military—funded, trained, and armed
by the United States.
More than 640 indigenous villages destroyed.
|1992||Rigoberta Menchú, a Quiché Maya woman, wins the Nobel Peace Prize.|
|1996||Signing of Peace Accords|
|2004||Departure of UN mission that monitored the peace process|
||Continued corruption, bribery, narco-trafficking, gang violence.
Upsurge of femicide: the torture, rape and murder of women, with virtual impunity.